Read the article again. Write T (true), F (false) or ? (don’t know) in the boxes next to these statements.

a) Drug problem has recently arisen.
b) People use drugs for medicinal purposes.
c) Narcotics are sold through illegal markets.
d) Amphetamine is the most dependence producing drug.
e) Drugs are used in the form of smoking, sniffing or by injection.
f) The reasons are always the same in all parts of Read the article again. Write T (true), F (false) or ? (don’t know) in the boxes next to these statements. the world.
g) Church mustn’t deal with the drug-taking.

Read the article carefully and answer these questions according to the information in the text.

1) What do you think is meant by the term drugs?

2) What are some things you think you and others ought to know about Read the article again. Write T (true), F (false) or ? (don’t know) in the boxes next to these statements. drugs?

3) Why do people take drugs if they aren’t sick?

4) Why combining of alcohol and drugs is very dangerous?

5) What could be the consequences of drug abuse?

6) Why can we call coffee, tea, cola drugs too?

7) Why may people sometimes use drugs in unsupervised, disapproved ways?

8) How Read the article again. Write T (true), F (false) or ? (don’t know) in the boxes next to these statements. does a person get addicted to a drug?

Language Development


ǃTo talk about a period of past time which is related to the present, we use the Present Perfect Tense (have/has + Participle II). This is very useful when discussing changes in the environment.

1. Look at this sentence from Read the article again. Write T (true), F (false) or ? (don’t know) in the boxes next to these statements. the article and underline the Present Perfect Tense:

Throughout the history of mankind, nearly all countries and cultures have had problems with the use and abuse of drugs.

ǃTo talk about events in the past which are now finished and there is no connection to the present, we use the Read the article again. Write T (true), F (false) or ? (don’t know) in the boxes next to these statements. Simple Past Tense (regular verb + edorthe second form of the irregular verb).

2. Look at these sentences from the article and underline the Simple Past Tense:

In the last century, Sir William Osler described this situation so well when he said, "The desire to take medicine is, perhaps, the greatest feature Read the article again. Write T (true), F (false) or ? (don’t know) in the boxes next to these statements. which distinguishes man from animals".

3. Find and underline other examples in the text.

Fill in the gaps with the proper Present Perfect or Past Simple Tense.

1) Thanks to medical and drug research, there are thousands of drugs that help people, e.g. antibiotics and vaccines ___________________ (revolutionize) the Read the article again. Write T (true), F (false) or ? (don’t know) in the boxes next to these statements. treatment of infections.

2) Mixing of some drugs might be be fatal mistake, e.g. people _______________ (die) after mixing alcohol with sleeping pills.

3) Dr. Sidney Cohen, a drug abuse expert, ________________ (describe) alcohol as "the most dangerous drug on earth".

4) Heavy drinkers tend to starve - they _______________ (use up) their nutrient stores and Read the article again. Write T (true), F (false) or ? (don’t know) in the boxes next to these statements. are often drawing on their own tissues for fuel.

5) Researchers _________________ (survey) 1,339 oncology nurses in one state who work in outpatient chemotherapy infusion centers and __________________ (find) that nearly 17 percent __________ (say) their skin or eyes had been exposed to the drugs.

ǃIt is difficult to translate Subjunctive Mood into Russian, just Read the article again. Write T (true), F (false) or ? (don’t know) in the boxes next to these statements. follow some rules.

Indefinite Subjunctive (should/would + Infinitive) in subordinate clause (it) is recommended / suggested that…, after verbs to recommend, to suggest, to demand, we translate as (бы + глагол в прошедшем времени)e.g. It was necessary that the child’s history should be known to none.—Было надо, чтоб историю этого Read the article again. Write T (true), F (false) or ? (don’t know) in the boxes next to these statements. малыша никто не вызнал.

Find and highlight the other examples in the text. Translate the sentences.

6. Find and learn Russian equivalents for the following words and expressions:

1) increasingly exploited a)
2) a wide range of sedatives and tranquillizers b)
3) dependence-producing drug c)
4) a household remedy d)
5) abuse of drugs Read the article again. Write T (true), F (false) or ? (don’t know) in the boxes next to these statements. e)
6) crime, violence and neglect of family life f)
7) to be rapidly spreading g)
8) ceremonial rites h)
9) lacking rural health services i)
10) damaging menaces of life j)

7. Find and learn English equivalents for the following words and expressions:

1) на муниципальном уровне a)
2) натуральные и синтетические наркотики b)
3) предупредительные меры c)
4) в Read the article again. Write T (true), F (false) or ? (don’t know) in the boxes next to these statements. границах каждой культуры d)
5) преодоление боли e)
6) токсичны по своим свойствам f)
7) нелегальный наркотик g)
8) понижая воспаление h)
9) развитие болезнетворных микробов i)
10) подавлять иммунную систему j)

Over to you


1. Has this article changed your attitude to drugs?

2. Why is there so much concern about teen-age drugs?

3. ‘Addictive’ means Read the article again. Write T (true), F (false) or ? (don’t know) in the boxes next to these statements. ‘very difficult to give up’. Do you think nicotine (in cigarettes) is addictive? Why is tobacco legal, when most of the other drugs on the chart are illegal? Would it be a good idea to make tobacco illegal?

4. Some people say that it would be better to legalise all Read the article again. Write T (true), F (false) or ? (don’t know) in the boxes next to these statements. drugs. In that case, you could buy cannabis and other drugs from shops. What would be the advantages and disadvantages of such a chanhe?

5. Prepare a presentation on the topic being discussed.

Writing

Design an anti-smoking poster for schools or universities. Sketch a picture or use photos from Read the article again. Write T (true), F (false) or ? (don’t know) in the boxes next to these statements. a magazine; write a slogan and a couple of sentences to go with it.

UNIT 4


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